4G/LTE - PHY Processing





RIV(Resource Indication Value)


RIV is a number to specify PDSCH or PUSCH resource allocation. In more intuitive form,  we normally use two values (i.e, Number of RBs and Start RB) for the resource allocation. But with RIV, we can represent Number of RBs and Start RB in a single value. It would have some advantage in terms of number of bits to carry the information.. but it causes some confusion for us to convert RIV into Number of RBs and Start RB.


Followings are couple of examples showing how RIV is specified in DCI.




The conversion from the number of RB and Start RB to RIV is defined as shown below.


For downlink, there are a couple of different mathematical definition for RIV depending on a specific DCI format. It is specified in 36.213 - Resource allocation type 2 as follows.


For PDCCH DCI format 1A, 1B or 1D, or for EPDCCH DCI format 1A, 1B, or 1D, a type 2 resource allocation field


For PDCCH DCI format 1C, a type 2 resource block assignment field



For Uplink, it is defined in 36.213 - 8.1.1 Uplink resource allocation type 0 as shown below.



As you see, it is pretty simple to get RIV from Number of RBs (L_CRB) and Start RB(RB_Start), but it is not easy to figure out Number of RBs (L_CRB) and Start RB(RB_Start) from RIV.


One way to find N_RB and Start_RB from RIV value is to try all the possible values of N_RB and Start_RB and find the combination to meet any one of the equation (1) or (2). Following is an example of the algorithm showing the method of finding N_RB and Start_RB from OpenLTE project.


    % Copyright 2012 Ben Wojtowicz


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     % Following is from lte_dci_1a_unpack.m file in /octave folder




                if((n-1) <= floor(N_rb_dl/2))

                    if(RIV == N_rb_dl*(n-1)+m)

                        L_crb    = n;

                        RB_start = m;



                    if(RIV == N_rb_dl*(N_rb_dl-n+1)+(N_rb_dl-1-m))

                        L_crb    = n;

                        RB_start = m;