Metacognition means 'cognition about cognition'. Putting it in simpler form, 'thinking about my own thinking (i.e, my own congnition)'. It involves being aware of one's own thought processes
The prefix "meta-" comes from Greek and has multiple meanings, but in general it refers to something that is beyond, transcending. You would have heard of this prefix pretty often from the word 'metaphysics' which is a branch of philosophy deals with 'something beyond physical object', in other words the study of the fundamental nature of reality and existence rather than what appears in physical form.
Cognition refers to the mental processes and activities related to acquiring, processing, storing, and using information. It encompasses a wide range of mental activities, including perception, attention, memory, language, problem-solving, reasoning, and decision-making.
Why Metacognition ?
One of the reasons why the term 'Metacoginition' is getting attention from many people is because it is an important aspect of learning and problem-solving, as it allows individuals to take a more active role in their own learning and to adapt their strategies based on their own experiences and feedback. It is also an important aspect of self-regulated learning, which refers to the ability to manage one's own learning and motivation. We can describe some of the reasons more specifically as below :
Components of Metacognition
There are several components of metacognition in the context of learning and problem-solving. Followings are some of those components.