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Default vs Dedicated EPS Bearer

 

In many cases, we get confused by the role of Default EPS Bearer and Dedicated EPS Bearer. I think the best way to clear the confusion would be to understand the detailed information elements (parameters) defining these two bearer.

 

First take a look at the decoded message for Default EPS Bearer and Dedicated EPS Bearer.

 

 

Let me give a couple of questions to help you understand the behaviour of these two bearers.

 

What are the information that Default EPS has but Dedicated EPS bearer does not ?

The answer is "APN Name" and "PDN type/PDN Address".

 

Then What kind of PDN address does Dedicated EPS Bearer will use ?

The answer is "Dedicated EPS Bearer uses the PDN address of Default EPS Bearer it is linked to".

 

Then how a Dedicated EPS Bearer knows which Default EPS Bearer it is linked to ?

The answer is that it is via a information element called "Linked EPS Bearer Identity" (See the arrow shown in the picture above)

 

What are the information that both Default EPS Bearer and Dedicated EPS Bearer has ?

The answer is "QCI".

 

Can Default EPS Bearer and Dedicated EPS Bearer can have the same QCI value ?

The answer is "No, they must have different QCI value".

 

What is the relation between Default EPS Bearer and an APN ?

The answer is "there is one-to-one relationship between them. One Default EPS Bearer is alllocated for one APN.