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1. Request Message

 

Followings are very Basic SIP message based on RFC 3261.

 

Request Message

Description

REGISTER

A Client use this message to register an address with a SIP server

INVITE

A User or Service use this message to let another user/service participate in a session. The body of this message would include a description of the session to which the callee is being invited.

ACK

This is used only for INVITE indicating that the client has received a final response to an INVITE request

CANCEL This is used to cancel a pending request
BYE A User Agent Client use this message to terminate the call
OPTIONS

This is used to query a server about its capabilities

INFO This is used for mid session signaling

 

Followings are kind of extended message defined by various RFC

Request Message

Description

MESSAGE

Usually used to send Standalone Message (like SMS). RFC 3428
SUBSCRIBE

used to request asynchronous notification of an event or set of events at a later time. RFC 6665

NOTIFY

used to notify a SIP node that an event that has been requested by an earlier SUBSCRIBE method has occurred. RFC 6665

UPDATE

used for a client to update parameters of a session (such as the set of media streams and their codecs). RFC 3311

PRACK

plays the same role as ACK, but this is used for provisional responses. RFC 3262

PUBLISH used for publication of presence information. RFC 3093

 

 

2. Response Message

 

This is based on RFC 3261.

Code

Category

Description

1xx Provisional

The request has been received and processing is continuing

2xx Success

An ACK, to indicate that the action was successfully received, understood, and accepted.

3xx Redirection

Further action is required to process this request

4xx Client Error

The request contains bad syntax and cannot be fulfilled at this server

5xx Server Error

The server failed to fulfill an apparently valid request

6xx Global Failure

The request cannot be fulfilled at any server

 

 

Code

Message

Description

1xx

100

Trying

This response indicates that the request has been received by the next-hop server and that some unspecified action is being taken on behalf of this call (for example, a database is being consulted).

This response, like all other provisional responses, stops retransmissions of an INVITE by a UAC.  The 100 (Trying) response is different from other provisional responses, in that it is never forwarded upstream by a stateful proxy.

Ref : RFC 3261 21.1.1 100 Trying

 

180

Ringing

The UA receiving the INVITE is trying to alert the user.  This response MAY be used to initiate local ringback

Ref : RFC 3261 21.1.2 180 Ringing

 

181

Call Is Being Forwarded

A server MAY use this status code to indicate that the call is being forwarded to a different set of destinations

Ref : RFC 3261 21.1.3 181 Call Is Being Forwarded

 

182

Queued

The called party is temporarily unavailable, but the server has decided to queue the call rather than reject it.  When the callee becomes available, it will return the appropriate final status response. The reason phrase MAY give further details about the status of the call, for example, "5 calls queued; expected waiting time is 15 minutes".  The server MAY issue several 182 (Queued) responses to update the caller about the status of the queued call.

Ref : RFC 3261 1.1.4 182 Queued

 

183

Session Progress

This response is used to convey information about the progress of the call that is not otherwise classified.  The Reason-Phrase, header fields, or message body MAY be used to convey more details about the call progress.

Ref : RFC 3261 21.1.5 183 Session Progress

2xx

200

OK

The request has succeeded.  The information returned with the response depends on the method used in the request

Ref : RFC 3261 21.2.1 200 OK

3xx

300

Multiple Choices

The address in the request resolved to several choices, each with its own specific location, and the user (or UA) can select a preferred communication end point and redirect its request to that location.

 

The response MAY include a message body containing a list of resource characteristics and location(s) from which the user or UA can choose the one most appropriate, if allowed by the Accept request header field.  However, no MIME types have been defined for this message body.

Ref : RFC 3261 21.3.1 300 Multiple Choices

 

301

Moved Permanently

The user can no longer be found at the address in the Request-URI, and the requesting client SHOULD retry at the new address given by the Contact header field.  The requestor SHOULD update any local directories, address books, and user location caches with this new value and redirect future requests to the address(es) listed.

Ref : RFC 3261 21.3.2 301 Moved Permanently

 

302

Moved Temporarily

The requesting client SHOULD retry the request at the new address(es) given by the Contact header field (Section 20.10).  The Request-URI of the new request uses the value of the Contact header field in the response

Ref : RFC 3261 21.3.3 302 Moved Temporarily

 

305

Use Proxy

The requested resource MUST be accessed through the proxy given by the Contact field.  The Contact field gives the URI of the proxy.The recipient is expected to repeat this single request via the proxy.  305 (Use Proxy) responses MUST only be generate by UASs

Ref : RFC 3261 21.3.4 305 Use Proxy

Refer to 24.229 - 5.1.1.2 Initial registration - 5.1.1.2.1 General in terms of specific procedure on receiving this message

 

380

Alternative Service

The call was not successful, but alternative services are possible. The alternative services are described in the message body of the response.  Formats for such bodies are not defined here, and may be the subject of future standardization

Ref : RFC 3261 21.3.5 380 Alternative Service

4xx

400

Bad Request

The request could not be understood due to malformed syntax.  The Reason-Phrase SHOULD identify the syntax problem in more detail, for example, "Missing Call-ID header field".

Ref : RFC 3261 21.4.1 400 Bad Request

 

401

Unauthorized

This indicate that Registra wants to go through Authentication Process

(see Registration with Authentication for details)

 

402

Payment Required

 

 

403

Forbidden

This indicate that a forbidden request has arrived.

For example, REGISTER message with wrong parameters has arrived. (e.g, the ueid or domain name or realm domain is not the one that CSCF is expecting. In this case, CSCF send 403 right after it got REGISTER message).

 

P-CSCF check if the private user identity conveyed in the Authorization header field of the protected REGISTER request is the same as the private user identity which was previously challenged or authenticated. If the private user identities are different, the P-CSCF shall reject the REGISTER request by returning a 403 response.(TS 24.229)

 

If the P-CSCF detect that the Request-URI of the initial request for a dialog, or a standalone transaction, or an unknown method does not match any one of the emergency service identifiers in the associated lists, the P-CSCF shall reject the request by returning a 403 to UE (TS 24.229)

When the I-CSCF recieves a REGISTER request, the I-CSCF shall verify whether or not it has arrived from a trusted domain. If the request has not arrived from a trusted domain, the I-CSCF shall complete the processing of the request by responding with 403(TS 24.229)

 

404

Not Found

The server has definitive information that the user does not exist at the domain specified in the Request-URI.  This status is also returned if the domain in the Request-URI does not match any of the domains handled by the recipient of the request.

Ref : RFC 3261 21.4.5 404 Not Found

 

405

Method Not Allowed

The method specified in the Request-Line is understood, but not allowed for the address identified by the Request-URI. The response MUST include an Allow header field containing a list of valid methods for the indicated address.

Ref : RFC 3261 21.4.6 405 Method Not Allowed

 

406

Not Acceptable

The resource identified by the request is only capable of generating response entities that have content characteristics not acceptable according to the Accept header field sent in the request.

Ref : RFC 3261 21.4.7 406 Not Acceptable

 

407

Proxy Authentication Required

 

 

408

Request Timeout

The server could not produce a response within a suitable amount of time, for example, if it could not determine the location of the user in time.  The client MAY repeat the request without modifications at any later time.

Ref : RFC 3261 21.4.9 408 Request Timeout

Refer to 24.229 - 5.1.1.2 Initial registration - 5.1.1.2.1 General in terms of specific procedure on receiving this message

 

410

Gone

 

 

413

Request Entity Too Large

 

 

414

Request-URI Too Long

 

 

415

Unsupported Media Type

 

 

416

Unsupported URI Scheme

 

 

420

Bad Extension

 

 

421

Extension Required

 

 

423

Interval Too Brief

This error indicates that the same messages was received multiple times with two short interval. (E.g, An UA send SIP:REGISTER message twice with very short interval and the Registra would send 423)

The server is rejecting the request because the expiration time of the resource refreshed by the request is too short.  This response can be used by a registrar to reject a registration whose Contact header field expiration time was too small.

You may reduce the chance of this error by tweaking Min-Expires header

Ref : RFC 3261 21.4.17 423 Interval Too Brief

Refer to 24.229 - 5.1.1.2 Initial registration - 5.1.1.2.1 General in terms of specific procedure on receiving this message

 

480

Temporarily Unavailable

 

 

481

Call/Transaction Does Not Exist

 

 

482

Loop Detected

 

 

483

Too Many Hops

 

 

484

Address Incomplete

 

 

485

Ambiguous

 

 

486

Busy Here

 

 

487

Request Terminated

 

 

488

Not Acceptable Here

SDP offer conveyed in a SIP response contained parameters which are not allowed according to the local policy(TS 24.229)

 

491

Request Pending

 

 

493

Undecipherable

 

5xx

500

Server Internal Error

The server encountered an unexpected condition that prevented it from fulfilling the request.  The client MAY display the specific error condition and MAY retry the request after several seconds. If the condition is temporary, the server MAY indicate when the client may retry the request using the Retry-After header field.

If Retry-After is set to be specific value, UE should retry after the specified time and if Retry-After is not set, UE is expected to retry in around 30 sec at the first retry and with extended back-off time.

Ref : RFC 3261 21.5.1 500 Server Internal Error

 

501

Not Implemented

 

 

502

Bad Gateway

 

 

503

Service Unavailable

radio/bearer inferface resources are no longer available (TS 24.229)

the signaling bearer is no longer available (TS 24.229)

 

UE is requesting some service which cannot be supported.

 

When this happens, UE normally retry the request.

If Retry-After is set to be specific value, UE should retry after the specified time and if Retry-After is not set, UE is expected to retry in around 30 sec at the first retry and with extended back-off time.

 

504

Server Time-out

Refer to 24.229 - 5.1.1.2 Initial registration - 5.1.1.2.1 General in terms of specific procedure on receiving this message

 

505

Version Not Supported

 

 

513

Message Too Large

 

6xx

600

Busy Everywhere

Refer to 24.229 - 5.1.1.2 Initial registration - 5.1.1.2.1 General in terms of specific procedure on receiving this message

 

603

Decline

 

 

604

Does Not Exist Anywhere

 

 

606

Not Acceptable